Predictive Models of Chloride Penetration in concrete: An Overview
Abstract: This article presents a brief review of the models aimed to predict the penetration of chloride ions in concrete. The work highlights the two well-known approaches i.e. Fick's laws and Nernst-Planck equation. Difference of opinion about the two approaches as well as within each approach is also elaborated. Diverse accelerated methods for determining the chloride diffusivity in concrete are also described. Different numerical schemes and analytical solutions as adapted in the models are also mentioned. Effort is made to present the models in a chronological way and therefore the presented list is not exhaustive.
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