Implementation of E-learning in The University of Gezira Barriers and Opportunities

  • Fadl elmoula Abd alla Idris
  • Yassin Osman

Abstract

The study aimed to evaluate the factors influencing the adoption of e-learning in the University of Gezira according to views of staff members and recommended possible solutions to overcome challenges. Recently, the University of Gezira as well as some other Sudanese Universities started to adopt e-learning as new methods to facilitate teaching and learning. Sample of 150 staff members were selected randomly from the University sectors (education, engineering and applied sciences, agriculture, economics and human sciences, medicine and health). A questionnaire was used to collect data from respondents; however, a sample of 91 questionnaires was collected. The results revealed that most of the respondents acknowledged that there were multi challenges facing and hindering the adoption of e-learning successfully in University of Gezira. The most significant findings were lack of infrastructure and lack of training.  Moreover, the internet services, loading of e-learning contents, technical support and availability of hardware and software provided by the University of Gezira to facilitate effective and successful e-learning adoption was not enough. On the other hand, the respondents believe that the English language is not a barrier to implement e-learning. Also the respondents felt positive attitude toward e-learning. For successful e-learning in general and in the University of Gezira in particular, it is recommended the challenges should be addressed by University and possible solutions should be implemented.

References


1. Garrison.R; E-learning in the 21 Century: A Framework for Research and Practice 2nd ed;Taylor and Francis, New York, USA,2011
2. Sangra,A.; Vlachopoulos , D.; Cabrera,N. (2012). Building an inclusive definition of e-learning: An approach to conceptual framework. International Review of Research in Open and Distance learning 2012; 13(2), pp. 145-159.
https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v13i2.1161
3. Cantoni,L Hypermedia and Telecommunication , World Conference on Educational Multimedia AACE,2004,Norfolk,
4. E-learning in Mauritius. http://mom academia.edu/documents.(2004)
5. Blinco,K.; Mason, J. Maclean.; N. Wilson. Trends and issues in e-leaning infrastructure development: A white paper for all-i-lab .prepared on behalf of DEST (Australia) and JICS-CETIS (UK).2004.
6. Tarus.J. Adoption of e-learning to support teaching and learning in Moi University. M.Sc. Thesis, Moi University, Kenya.2011.
7. Igbal,M.; Ahmed.M.(2010) Enhancing quality of education through e-learning: The case Study of Allama Igbal Open University . The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 2010; 1/1 (1).article5.
8. Maltz. L.; Deblois, P. (2005) The Educause Current Issue Committee. Top Ten IT Issues Educause Review 2005; 40(1), pp.15-28.
9. Rosenblatt. Guri. Distance Education in The Digital age: Common misconceptions and challenging task. Journal of Distance Education 2005; 23, (2) pp. 105-122.
10. Roy. A.; Raymond. (2005) E-learning in Support of SMEs: Pipe Dream or Reality. Proceedings of 5th European Conference on E-learning, 2005.
11. Paulo. Alves.; James. Uhomoibhi. "Issues of e‐learning standards and identity management for mobility and collaboration in higher education", Campus-Wide Information Systems 2010, Vol. 27 Iss: 2, pp.79 – 90.
12. Johns. R. Application of web based learning in teaching social work law. Social work education 2003, 22(5).
https://doi.org/10.1080/0261547032000126399
13. Sweeney, J.; Donoghue. T.; Whitehead C. Traditional face to face and web based tutorials: study of university students perspectives' on the rule of tutorial participants, Teaching in higher education 2007; 9(3). pp. 311-323.
https://doi.org/10.1080/1356251042000216633
14. Wagner. N.; Hassanein K.; Head. Who is responsible for e-learning in higher education, stockholders analysis. Educational Technology and Society 2008; 11(3), pp. 26-36.
15. Zhan D.; Zhou L.; Briggs. R.; Nunamaker. J. Instructional video in e-learning: Assessing the impact of interactive video on learning effectiveness. Information and managemet2006; 43(1). pp. 15-27.
16. Holley. D. (2002) Which room is the virtual seminar in, please, Education and Training 2002; 44(3), pp 112-121.
https://doi.org/10.1108/00400910210424283
17. Volery T. Critical success factors in online education. The International Journal of Educational Management 2000; 14(5), pp.216-223.
https://doi.org/10.1108/09513540010344731
18. Ribiero T. (2002). From a distance: Look at distance learning increased following. Education, 152(9), p85.
19. Govindasamy T. Successful implementation of e-learning pedagogical considerations, The international and higher education 2002; Vol, 4, Issues 3-4, pp. 287-299.
20. Shabha G. Virtual universities in the third millennium: An assessment of the implications of teleworking on university building and space planning facilities 2000; 18(5), pp. 235-244.
21. Shpiro,L Evolution of collaborative distance work at ITESM: Structure and process. Journal of Knowledge Management 2000; 1(1). pp. 44-55.
https://doi.org/10.1108/13673270010315948
22. New skills for new field: what you need to be an e-learning expert. Online learning. Retrieved from http://www.online learning.com/online learning/magazine/articledisplay.jsp.vnuconentid=1278800.
23. Sife A.; lwoga E.; Sanga C. New technology for teaching and learning: Challenges for higher learning institutions in developing countries. International journal of education and development 2007, using ICT. 3(2). pp. 57-67.
24. Curran C. The phenomenon of online learning, European Journal of Education 2001; 36(2).
https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-3435.00055
25. Shraim K.; Khalaif.Z. An E-learning Approach to Secondary Education in Palestine: Opportunity and Challenges. Information Technology for Development 2010; 16(3), pp. 159-173.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02681102.2010.501782
26. Impacting and Alleges of E-learning. Online available at http://net.educause.edu/irlibrarypdf 0303rsers03036.pdf, 2003. (Accessed 15th April 2011).
27. Weber J. The Compressed video Experience. Paper presented at summer Conference of Association of small Computer Users. North Myrtle beach, South Carolina, USA, 1996. (ERIC document reproduction service No.ED405838).
28. Why Universities Must Change. Keynote paper to Open University of Hong Kong. Available at http://www.tonybate.ca/(Accessed Sept, 2010).
29. Palloff Rena.; Pratt. Keith. (2000) Making the Transition: Helping Teachers to Teach Online .Paper presented at EDUCAUSE: Thinking it through Nashville Tennessee 2000, (ERIC documents reproduction service No.ED.452806).
30. Clark T. (1993) Attitude of Higher Education Faculty Toward Distance Learning: A national Survey. The American Journal of Distance Education 1993; 7, pp. 19-33.
https://doi.org/10.1080/08923649309526820
31. Gober p. Distance learning and geography soul. AAG Newsletter 1998; 33(5).1-2.
32. Schloser C. A.; Anderson L. Distance Education: A review of the Literature. Washington D.C: Associational for Educational Communications and Technology 1994, (ERIC document reproduction service No. ED 382159).
33. McKnight M. (2000) Distance Education: Expressing Emotions in Video-based Classes, personal communication, 2000. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication, Minneapolis, Minnesota. (Eric document reproduction services no.ED441270).
34. Tarus k.; David Gichoy; Alex Muumbo. Challenges of Implementing E-learning in Kenya: case of Kenyan Public Universities. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning 2015; 16, (1).
35. Samzugi S.; Mwinyimbegu C. (2013) Accessibility of Open Educational Resources for Distance Education Learners: The case of The Open University of Tanzania. Huria: Journal of the Open University of Tanzania 2013; 14, pp. 76-88.
36. Venkatesh V.; Morris G.; Hall M.; Davis D.; Walton S. (2003) User Acceptance of Information Technology: Toward a Unified View. MIS Quarterly 2003, 27(3), pp425-478.
37. Ferguson, L.; Wijekumar. K. Effective Design and Use of Web-based Distance Learning Environments, Professional Safety 2000; 45 (12), pp. 28-33.
38. Awidi T. Developing An E-learning Strategy for Public Universities in Ghana. EDUCAUSE Quarterly Magazine 2008; 31(2).

Implementation of E-learning in The University of Gezira Barriers and Opportunities
Published
2017-01-22
How to Cite
IDRIS, Fadl elmoula Abd alla; OSMAN, Yassin. Implementation of E-learning in The University of Gezira Barriers and Opportunities. Educational Science and Research, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 24-35, jan. 2017. Available at: <http://www.archyworld.com/journals/index.php/esr/article/view/31>. Date accessed: 21 aug. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.22496/esr2016090470.
Section
Articles