Many funding agencies explicitly allow the use of research grants for the payment of Article Processing Charges (APCs) to publish in open access journals. In addition, numerous institutes have created central funds to cover APCs.
Many institutes have established central funds to cover the APCs for open access:
- Co-Action maintains a list of institutional publishing funds.
- SPARC maintains a list of North American universities and university libraries that have created APC funds.
- The Open Access Directory also features a list of institutional funds for open access publishing.
More and more research funders explicitly allow researchers to use their grants for paying APCs for publishing in open access journals:
- Sherpa has a consolidated list of Research funders' open access policies by country.
- In the United Kingdom:
- The Wellcome Trust “expects authors of research papers to maximise the opportunities to make their results available for free” for original research articles submitted for publication after 1 April 2013.
- Authors funded under any of the UK Research Councils (RCUK) can pay for APCs from their block grants for papers submitted for publication after 1 April 2013.
- HEFCE’s policy is “that all research arising from HEFCE funding should be as widely and freely accessible as the available channels for dissemination permit”.
- In the USA:
- The NIH public access policy aims to ensure "the public has access to the published results of NIH funded research."
- The OSTP policy on Open Access, outlined by Director John P. Holdren, is defined to ensure "results of federally funded scientific research are made available to and useful for the public, industry, and the scientific community. Such results include peer-reviewed publications and digital data [...]"
- In Europe:
- Authors that are funded by the European Commission FP7 program are eligible for reimbursement of the article processing charges. Details can be found in the FP7 model Grant Agreement.
- Switzerland: Researchers receiving Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) funding can cover costs of publication in OA journals via the project budget.
- Further: Open Access publications from research funding under Horizon 2020 will be mandatory, and expected to be effective as of 2014, thus allowing for the results of publicly funded research and innovation to be maximised.